Timber Production in Community Forests Initiatives in the Brazilian Amazon: A promising joint-effort involving traditional communities and a long term multi-institutional collaborative engagement
Smallholder community forest initiatives focused on timber production are still rare in the Brazilian Amazon. The demands regarding technical and organizational skills and economic resources are substantial. Traditional communities in state of Pará, Brazil detain licensed management plans with an area of 40 thousand ha in public forests within the conservation unit Verde para Sempre Extractive Reserve. Recently these communities joined cooperation projects with the organizations IFT (Tropical Forest Institute), IEB (Brazilian International Institute for Education) and EMBRAPA (Brazilian Enterprise for Agricultural Research) which set up an interdisciplinary team of technicians, instructors and researchers. In this arrangement IEB signed responsible for governance, organizational development for community entities and also leads a Community and Familiar Forest Management Observatory. IFT provided courses and training on reduced impact logging and EMBRAPA - supported by Bom Manejo 2 Project financed by the ITTO (International Tropical Timber Organization) - improved forest management with computer aided tools. As preliminary results, monitoring of the performed management activities revealed the value of conservation from well managed forests with the application of reduced impact logging techniques. Also, organizational maturity of the entrepreneurs is increasing. The critical issues to be overcome are governance and management competences. These are key to the effective participation of community members, the development of sound finance and human resources management and the advocation of their collective interests regarding social, environmental and economic benefits of forest use. Hence, the success of projects assisting communities in the effort for legal and sustainable timber will be further enhanced with an interdisciplinary collaborative approach.
Steinbrenner, Maximilian K.1; Mazzei de Freitas, Lucas J.2; Vieira, Ana C.3; Fernandes Miranda, Katiuscia4; Kanashiro, Milton2; Ok, Hwan5
1. Forestry, EMBRAPA Bom Manejo Project, Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil. 2. Embrapa Amazonia Oriental, Belem, Pará, Brazil. 3. Instituto Floresta Tropical, Belém, Pará, Brazil. 4. Instituto Internacional de Educação do Brasil, Belém, Pará, Brazil. 5. The International Tropical Timber Organization, Yokohama, Minato-Mirai Nishi-ku, Japan.