XV World Forestry Congress

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Side event
Land footprint embodied in international trade: a new tool to assess distant drivers of deforestation

May 3, 2022 | 6:00 PM KST - 7:30 PM KST

Conference Room 307C


Expansion of commercial agriculture is a major driver of deforestation. Understanding the distant connections influencing land use change is then a critical element to assess drivers of deforestation and design effective policies and measures to preserve forests. Many studies linking trade with related land use change, deforestation or carbon emissions rely on Multi-regional input-output tables (MRIO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) statistics. Input-output (I-O) tables describe the flows of goods and services between all industries of an economy, and the goods and services delivered to final users. MRIO tables use information from bilateral trade statistics to link national I-O tables of different countries and, consequently, provide a more comprehensive vision of the flows of goods services in a globalised world. However, most MRIO commonly used in environment-related literature (e.g. EXIOBASE, GTAP-MRIO, EORA MRIO) gather information about alimited number of countries, commodities and industries and – due to their scope and the use of monetary information - are not fully adapted to studies on distant land footprint. The new MRIO developed by FAO and the Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) comes to fill in this gap and offers a tool to specifically assessing drivers of deforestation. It focuses on food and forest commodities, covers the 182 countries that report agricultural and forestry production and trade data to FAOSTAT and use physical units. It includes an extension to land as a primary input, thus allowing to assess land footprint embedded in agricultural and forest trade. A first version of the MRIO was established for the period 1997-2013 and an updated version for food commodities, covering 2014-2018 is under preparation. The side event will present such preliminary results and discuss opportunities to use this tool for improved assessment of deforestation related to agricultural and forest commodity trade.

Convening organizations

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International, www.fao.org - Basque Center for Climate Change (BC3), Research, https://www.bc3research.org/

Who can attend







ST 1: Turning the tide: reversing deforestation and degradation

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