Conservation of forest habitats and improvement of fauna sustainability – Best practices in Lombardy, Italy
There are many pressures and threats to the conservation of alpine forest habitats and their biodiversity that include: the intense uses, the simplification of their composition, the excessive removal of necromass and the underbrush, the loss of ecotone bands at the edge of the forest, the inadequate periods for intervention. All this contributes to the loss of important ecological niches for fauna. A group of forestry technicians, that includes naturalists and biologists, collaborated within the EU LIFE IP GESTIRE2020 project to identify best practices, replicable on large scale, able to improve the composition and structure of some habitats of forest that are protected by the Natura2000 network. The interventions are also aimed at increasing the fauna suitability with particular reference to some RN2000’s target species of avifauna and saproxylic insects. The simultaneous implementation of an ex ante and ex post monitoring program of vegetation and fauna is a fundamental for the drafting of a good practice. This process allows to verify the effectiveness of the interventions in favour of the two main biotic components of the forest ecosystems which have been considered. The interventions involve some public forests in the Region of Lombardy (northern Italy). The area (150 hectares) has certifications according to the FSC® (FSC-C084190) and PEFC™ schemes. The poster shows the good practice carried out from 2016 to 2020.
1. Ente Regionale per i Servizi all'Agricoltura e alle Foreste, Milano, Lombardia, Italy. 2. Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. 3. Arma dei Carabinieri, Roma, Lazio, Italy.